Case Studies

5G is already preparing for its deployment in the market through the development of new scenarios of employment and use, where the feasibility of the technology applied to specific solutions is put to the test.


Emergency management with drones

The management of fire extinction and the subsequent control of the extinct perimeter requires the availability of global information about the affected area as well as knowing the position of the different personnel that intervene. In this type of tasks it is very useful to use a drone that provides the area vision, together with the processing of the information for the geo-localization of the fire and the firefighters in the field.

The availability of final images in real time, both by the troops deployed in the field and by the rest of the security forces, is essential for efficient emergency management and to protect the lives of firefighters.

Fire management begins with the activation of a flight plan for the drone, defining the area of action and parameterizing the information to be received. The sensors installed on board the drone (high resolution cameras and thermal imaging cameras) can detect temperature and record video in high resolution. This information is sent to the base station, which is responsible for processing it to add the geo-referencing of the images, the temperature scale and the position of the available troops in the field.

The final video processed is sent to the broadband network based on 5G technology, specifically designed for emergency management, for distribution and viewing in real time by security bodies. The availability of images in real time allows effective management of deployed personnel as well as reducing the possibility of damage.

The system is especially useful both in the fire extinction phase and in the subsequent control and monitoring of the extinct perimeter, allowing an optimized management of the troops and guaranteeing their safety.

Partners: Cellnex, Sitep, MasMovil, 5G Barcelona

Sector: Security and emergencies

Use case:

  • Use of drones with temperature sensors and high resolution camera for the management of fire extinction and the control of the extinct perimeter
  • Geo location of the fire and of the troops that intervene in the field
  • Distribution of images in real time through a dedicated broadband network

Description of the technology: The pilot relies on the use of four basic technologies.

  1. First, the network dedicated to emergency management and security, based on 5G technology and using the licensed frequency of 700 MHz. This type of networks has a bandwidth capable of distributing video in real time. Additionally, when using frequencies licensed in the UHF band, it has a high propagation capacity and low losses due to obstacles.
  2. Secondly, the helicopter type drones with an autonomy greater than 5 hours and equipped with high resolution cameras and thermographic sensors.
  3. Third, the processing of information at the edge of the network (edge computing) that allows the processing of data to add very useful information in the management of fire extinction (geo-referencing of images and addition of scales of adjustable temperature) prior to sending through the communications network for real-time distribution to end users.
  4. Finally, ultra narrow band technology (SigFox) is used to send information on the position and movement of the troops deployed at the scene of the fire.

Main solution / advance offered by the technology: Sending geo-referenced images, with temperature scale and position of the personnel deployed in the field, through a broadband communications network for real-time viewing.

Status: Ongoing